COVID-19 has killed more than 5 million people worldwide since the WHO office in China reported the outbreak of the pandemic at the end of December 2019, according to an AFP tally based on official figures.

This census takes into account deaths recorded by national health authorities, but it represents only a portion of the deaths actually related to the Corona virus.

The World Health Organization says that given the excess deaths linked to Covid-19 directly and indirectly, the actual pandemic toll could be two to three times higher than that officially recorded.

At a time when the number of daily deaths around the world decreased, for the first time in nearly a year, to less than 8,000 at the beginning of October, the situation is uneven between continents.


The Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, said in a press conference Thursday that “the total number of Covid-19 related infections and deaths is increasing for the first time in two months, and this is due to the current rise in cases in Europe, which exceeds the decrease observed in other regions of the world.”

In the European region (52 countries and territories stretching from the Atlantic coast to Azerbaijan and Russia), the increase in the number of deaths is mainly due to the deteriorating health situation in the east of the continent.


In Russia in particular, more than a thousand people die daily, on average, as a result of Covid since October 20, according to official figures. But the authorities themselves say that this number is greatly underestimated. The daily results show that 239,693 deaths were recorded as of November 1, but the National Statistics Agency, Rosstat, which adopts a broader definition of deaths caused by Covid, showed at the end of September a worse toll of nearly 45 thousand deaths.

The Kremlin expressed concern that doctors treating Covid patients in Russia would be overstretched, at a time when the country with the highest number of deaths in Europe announced a week-long holiday to curb the spread of the epidemic.

Ukraine and Romania

After Russia, Ukraine and Romania are currently the two European countries with the highest number of daily deaths, with 546 and 442 deaths per day on average over the past seven days, respectively.

Highest deaths in Latin America

As for Latin America and the Caribbean, it is the region most affected by the pandemic in the world in terms of the number of deaths (1,521,193 deaths since the beginning of the spread of the virus), but the number of daily deaths, which currently stands at about 840, has been declining since May 2021.

In the United States, an average of more than 1,400 deaths was recorded per day over the past seven days, which is 15% less than the previous week. With a total of 746,747 deaths, the United States is the country hardest hit by the pandemic.


China, from which the epidemic started at the end of 2019, was the first country to have broad control over the pandemic as of the spring of 2020, after adopting a series of very strict restrictions, including the almost complete closure of borders.

Today, the authorities are seeking to curb the limited rise in infections, which led Monday to the closure of the Disneyland theme park, after one visitor was found to be infected.


At the level of Africa, the World Health Organization warned last week that only five countries (Seychelles, Mauritius, Maghreb, Tunisia and Cape Verde) will achieve the global goal of vaccinating 40% of the population by the end of the year.

South Africa took advantage of the opportunity to organize local elections, to provide vaccines in temporary clinics near polling stations.

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