This year celebrates the 533rd birthday of Emperor Babar, who is well known as the founder of Mughal Empire in India. He was born on 14 February, 1483 at a town called Andijan that is located in the present day Uzbekistan. He belonged to the Mongol tribe that also embraced Turkish and Persian. He was named Zahiruddin Muhammad and was called Babar affectionately.
Babar rose to power by his determination and strength and set the foundation of the Mughal Empire for his future generations. Best described as a military genius and skillful warrior, he is known to have built an empire of good fortune and immense stability. Not only was he an able administrator, but also a lover of fine arts and poetry. It is also said that he loved nature and built many beautiful gardens and sprawling lawns. He was a warrior of extraordinary strength and is said to have climbed mountains just for exercise.
Babar was a poetic genius and his creations have been compiled as an autobiography known as Babarnama. They were translated into Persian during the rule of Akbar and later into English during 1921-22. The compilation was then titled ‘Memoirs of Babar’.
One can find valuable information in these works and define Babar as someone who was very noble and kind hearted. He was a witty person who had a streak of adventure and a keen eye for natural beauty. He attained his first power position at the mere age of 12, when he succeeded his father as the ruler of Fargana, which is located in the present day Uzbekistan. His uncles did everything possible to displace him from his position and rob his territories. Babar spent time in exile and later attacked a city called Samarkand, of which he got possession after seven months of struggle. However, he was later robbed off Fargana after a rebellion amongst nobles in his kingdom.
By the 16th century, Babar was determined to conquer Afghanistan and India. It is said that he had no plans of conquering India, but he did so after Fargana was robbed off him.
He conquered Kabul located in Afghanistan after waging a fierce battle against the nobles and rulers. He crossed the mountains and invaded India. After waging fierce battles against the Rajputs and Lodhis, Babar finally managed to take possession of Delhi and Agra. He later started to spread his territory and successfully conquered most of the Indian sub-continent and Afghanistan. He was later succeeded by his eldest son Humayun who further consolidated the empire in India.