The following age-based recommendations can help determine how much sleep is enough for children.
Infants 4 months to 12 months: 12 to 16 hours per 24 hours, including naps
Children 1 to 2 years: 11 to 14 hours per 24 hours, including naps
Children 3 to 5 years: 10 to 13 hours per 24 hours, including naps
Children 6 to 12 years: 9 to 12 hours per 24 hours
Teens 13 to 18 years: 8 to 10 hours per 24 hours
Doctors say that adequate sleep duration for age on a regular basis leads to improved attention, behavior, learning, memory, emotional regulation, quality of life, and mental and physical health.
Not getting enough sleep each night has been associated with an increase in injuries, hypertension, obesity and depression, especially for teens who may experience increased risk of self-harm or suicidal thoughts.
Doctors also recommend that all electronic screens be turned off 30 minutes before bedtime and that TVs, computers and other screens not be allowed in children's bedrooms. For infants and young children, establishing a bedtime routine is important to ensuring children get adequate sleep each night, they said.