Nowadays, a number of emerging demographic and socio-economic trends are shaping our housing and communities —neighborhoods, villages, towns and cities.
These trends indicate that families are getting smaller and the structure of the family is changing; the bridges between generations are expanding; urban dynamics are shifting; and women’s role in the society is on the rise.
There is no doubt that each of these trends will accelerate rapidly in the coming years and that they will start having significant impacts on housing and communities not too far into the future.
Women have significant impacts on the housing markets in all major cities across the globe and that these impacts will only be increasingly stronger as we move into the future.
In the early part of the 20th century, the primary role of most adult women was to care for their family and home. By comparison, men more often worked outside the home for pay and assumed the role of the household head.
However, women have progressively become more important in society and have turned the idea of taking leadership in the social, economic, and political fronts into an increasingly balanced responsibility between men and women.
In fact, women of the 21st century are more highly educated, more numerous and important in the labor force, more independent and powerful in decisions regarding their housing and their home finances, more involved and successful as business entrepreneurs and business leaders, more economically powerful in society, and increasingly more influential in politics.
There is also much indication that women are already having significant impacts on the housing markets in all major cities across the world. Nevertheless, the most significant impacts will be felt as the women of the younger generations continue to rise in society and through this successful path lead their way towards reaching homeownership parity with their men counterparts.
Also, as the women of all these generations grow older, they will have important impacts on communities by prompting the demand for communities that can meet their unique needs and preferences across generations.
It will be necessary to examine ways of creating more ‘livable communities’, in which there is a choice of affordable housing and transportation, a sense of safety and security, a range of civic amenities and well-kept public places that provide opportunities for recreation, and social, cultural and civic engagement.
Over the past 100 years, women have become an increasingly important segment of the population. They have also become widely different from generation to generation in many respects, for example, in their education, in their social status, in their economic situation, and in their needs and wants for housing and communities.