Prime Minister Narendra Modi Sunday hailed the first International Yoga Day as a "new era of peace", moments before he surprised thousands in New Delhi by taking to a mat himself to celebrate the ancient practice.
The PM led more than 35,000 people, including bureaucrats, students and soldiers, performing poses such as the half camel and cobra in a 35-minute mass outdoor yoga session beginning at 7:00 am on the wide Delhi boulevard of Rajpath.
Organisers are hoping the event qualifies for the Guinness Book of World Records for the largest yoga class at a single venue.
The current title, according to the Guinness website, was set by 29,973 students in Gwalior, India, in 2005.
"Yoga is more than only physical fitness. We are not only celebrating a day but we are training the human mind to begin a new era of peace," PM Modi told the crowd at Rajpath.
He thanked the United Nations for adopting his idea for a World Yoga Day.
"This is a programme for human welfare, a tension-free world and a programme to spread the message of goodwill," said the premier, wearing a crisp white outfit with a national tricolour scarf.
PM Modi then surprised the crowds by leaving the stage, removing his glasses, and securing a spot at the front of the massive session to mirror the stretches, breathing, and meditative moves beamed on giant screens along the historic avenue. (Pics)
The Prime Minister, who credits yoga for his ability to work long hours on little sleep, had been scheduled only to make a speech at the event.
Aerial images taken near dawn showed Rajpath, or King's Avenue - which connects the Rashtrapati Bhawan with the iconic India Gate monument -- as a sea of white with scores of people, clad in new Yoga Day T-shirts, bending and stretching in sync with the English and Hindi instructions.
Central Delhi was sealed off and carpeted, with dozens of metal detectors and multiple checkpoints erected for the big day that saw other VIPs including Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal participate.
People in 650 districts across the nation joined in, expected to be joined by yoga enthusiasts in 192 other countries - including in Britain, where mats will be rolled out along the banks of the River Thames.
In his maiden address to the United Nations General Assembly, PM Modi proposed to dedicate a day devoted to the ancient Indian discipline, prompting the UN to proclaim June 21 as the International Day of Yoga.