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Health awareness about Prostate Cancer
December 2, 2018, 3:10 pm

Prostate Cancer is the third most common type of cancer among elderly male patients, after skin and lung cancer. With the advancement of age past 50 years or more, the risk of prostate cancer also increases. Records show one in every six men with prostate symptoms develops prostate cancer in their life times in the US and UK.

Symptoms include increase in urinary frequency and urgency, intense dysuria, delay in starting urination, blood in urine or semen, severe low back ache and bone pain, sometime sudden urine block.

 A balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables is good for reducing men’s risk of prostate cancer. Most especially Lycopene, a powerful antioxidant, found in foods like tomatoes, watermelon and red grapes provide many health benefits. Similarly, Vitamin E, Selenium and Omega 3 Fatty acid (fish) are known to reduce the risk of the cancer. A low intake of red meat, processed and dried food also helps to lower the incidence of this type of cancer.

Early detection and diagnosis:

A digital rectal examination will check if there are nodules or indurations on the prostate bed area of a patient.

PSA TEST:  Prostate Specific Antigen, is a glycoprotein, often elevated in many Acute Prostate problems including Cancer Prostate, when you measure a patient’s blood. However, a very high PSA value is almost always associated with prostate cancer only.

TRUS (Trans Rectal Ultrasound Scan): is done in addition to usual ultrasound scan abdomen, to study the details of early changes of prostate cancer, in close proximity to prostate surface, using a finger like transducer probe.

Prostate Biopsy: Using USG guided biopsy from the doubtful focal nodules, and every corner of prostate substance to confirm cancer change and also for measuring the staging and grading of cancer.

Contrast CT scan / MRI scan abdomen / Radionucleide bone scan to stage the tumor and predict the treatment response.

As age advances, the chance for developing prostate cancer is very high among the modern population. As it is a slow growing cancer in the elderly, the morbidity and mortality from prostate cancer is not very detrimental. The Screening Program for prostate cancer is not very cost effective, hence the individual health awareness and medical checkup for early detection of the cancer, after the age of 45-50 years is ideal.

Dr. Rajasekharan

Senior Urologist

Badr Al Samaa Medical Centre, Farwaniya


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