On gaining independence, Uzbekistan was able to restore historical justice - the name of their great ancestors and their rich heritage. One such great leader was Sahibkiran Amir Temur, popularly known as a symbol of bravery, courage and wisdom.
Amir Temur’s life, over centuries has become as a great example for the youngsters of Uzbekistan.
The outstanding military leader and political strategist built a powerful centralized state in Mawarannahr (Land Beyond the River), based on the rule of law and respect for traditions. Being a wise politician with broad horizon and subtle analytical mind, Amir Temur went down in history primarily as a creator. He surrounded himself with the best of science and culture, skilled architects, builders and artists, whose beautiful works were an indicator of the power of the state. He built the magnificent monuments which still cause an infinite pride in our compatriots, foreign visitors’ great interest and admiration.
Temur engaged in legislative activity. The work entitled “The Code of Timur” outlined his vision of the most effective state system and the country governing fundamental principles. Leafing through the pages of the treatise, one can only admire his personal qualities and strong-willed character. His most famous phrase added in the “Code” is, “One enterprising, courageous, brave, resolute and wise man is better than a thousand lazy and weak willed. Thus one experienced better controls than thousands of people.”
His noble principles, underlying on the basis of a powerful state, a just society, strengthening generosity and kindness atmosphere, population’s welfare, today have become the main criterion of modern Uzbekistan’s social and economic life.
On the initiative of President Islam Karimov, 1996 widely celebrated the 660th anniversary of Amir Temur, the year being named after him in the country. International conferences and exhibitions were organized under the auspices of UNESCO. Monuments to Amir Temur were built in Tashkent, Samarkand and Shakhrisabz along with streets, parks and other geographic features across the country. “The Code of Timur” was restored and reprinted several times as a unique source of study of national statehood history. On the eve of his 675th anniversary, an updated edition of the book with a preface by the President of Uzbekistan was published.
The Amir Temur Museum opened in the capital Tashkent, is an inexhaustible fount of spirituality, keeper of ancient relics and real masterpieces of art with great historical value. It includes stored unique items such as, manuscripts, letters, coins, ceramics, manuscripts and many others. Numerous exhibitions, dedicated to the epoch of the Timurids, have been held during the museum’s existence. Such significant exposure as ‘Samarkand-2750’, ‘Gifts’, ‘The life of Amir Temur’, ‘Timurids renaissance era’, ‘Shohruh - a monument to the creative activity of the Timurids’ to name a few.
Order ‘Amir Temur’, an eight-pointed star with dihedral rays is also of particular attention, which symbolizes his descendants for independence and justice, national pride, and selfless devotion to the Motherland. It took a special place in a number of high state awards, established in the country in the years of independence. It is awarded to citizens of Uzbekistan for great merits in strengthening of statehood, development of military affairs, as well as persons who are not citizens of the country, but who have made great contribution to the strengthening of international cooperation, peace and friendship between people. In addition, in some cases, it may become owners of enterprises, institutions, organizations, public associations, creative teams and military units, as well as administrative-territorial units of the republic. The majestic figure of Amir Temur, seated on a horse, is in its center, with its inscription, ‘Strength in justice’.
The life and work of Amir Temur, also called as ‘the savior of Europe’ in some chronicles has attracted the attention of hundreds of researchers, artists and culture outside Uzbekistan. Research scientists of Temurids are conducting research in more than 50 countries around the world. More than 900 papers in the European and more than a thousand in Oriental languages are published so far. The archives and libraries of Venice, Spain, France, Great Britain have kept written records of the diplomatic correspondence of the outstanding statesman and his successors with many countries of the world.
Thus, the priceless heritage of Amir Temur is a source of strength and energy which helps the people of Uzbek in building a state with a great future. Conducted reforms on human exaltation, respect the principles of justice in all spheres and tangible results are its clear proof.